Russia has been gradually reducing gas transit through Ukraine.

Gazprom has reduced gas transit through the Ukrainian gas transportation system three times since the beginning of this year, said the General Director of GTS Ukraine Operator, Serhiy Makogon, on Facebook. On January 1st the volume was reduced from 186 million cubic meters per day to 124 million cubic meters. On September 1st it was reduced to 109 million cubic meters, and in October to 86 million cubic meters, although Gazprom still pays for 109 million cubic meters of gas

The transit of gas through the territory of Ukraine to Hungary was stopped.

Even though the capacity from Ukraine to exit to Hungary is contracted for the entire gas year in the amount of 24.6 million cubic meters per day, the gas transit was not received. The contract between Hungary and Russia for the transportation of gas in the amount of 4.5 billion cubic meters per year came into force, whereby natural gas will be supplied to Hungary through the Turkish stream. However, the Ukrainian route is the most cost-effective because it is

German Chancellor candidate Scholz said that Ukraine must remain a gas transit country.

He stated that the new German Government will ensure that Ukraine remains a gas transit country and Russia adheres to the commitments it made during the negotiations on the completion of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. Mr. Scholz noted that the construction of the gas pipeline had been completed. “Now everyone should ensure that the guarantees associated with this project are accepted by everyone including Ukraine, remains a transit country and that we make sure that the gas supplies

Naftogaz asks Berlin to support transfer of gas transmission points to Russia-Ukraine border.

The CEO of Naftogaz Yuriy Vitrenko has held meetings on this issue with Germany’s newly appointed Special for the transit of gas through Ukraine, Georg Graf von Waldersee. In Vitrenko’s view, mechanisms are needed to guarantee the preservation of gas transit, such as the “creation on the Gazprom Export electronic platform of a point for the supply of additional gas volumes at the Russia-Ukraine border, as well as unblocking access to the Ukrainian gas transportation system from the Russian Federation

Vitrenko is convinced preserving gas transit via Ukraine can deter aggression.

“The primary danger Nord Stream 2 poses is the threat to stop gas transit via Ukraine, which would mean a much higher risk of full-scale military invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation. We therefore view the transit issue and the preservation of physical transit volumes through Ukraine as directly tied to the security issue,” he has stressed.

With European gas prices at 13-year highs, Gazprom declined an opportunity yesterday to increase its shipments across Ukraine in August by 50%

, reports the Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine. Currently, Russia’s gas export monopoly company is shipping 124 million cubic meters a day across Ukraine. Yesterday, Ukraine offered additional transit of 63.7 million cubic meters. There were no bids. With supplies tight, there is “no doubt that Europe will meet the new winter with half-empty underground storage facilities,” reports Interfax-Ukraine. Nord Stream 1 resumed shipments to Germany Friday, ending a 10-day closure for maintenance.

Vitrenko rejected the promise by Angela Merkel, Germany’s outgoing chancellor, to guarantee continued gas transit after 2024.

“I cannot understand how Germany can guarantee transit of gas via the territory of Ukraine, if neither of those countries is in charge of producing and transporting the gas,” he told VOA. “Theoretically, such guarantees could come only from Russia.” Without Russian gas in the Ukrainian pipeline, he said: “The risk of full-scale military aggression by Russia would go up substantially.”

Ukraine is working with Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to become the fulcrum of a Europe-Central Asia transit route

, Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said after meeting with Central Asian diplomats. Ukraine’s Black Sea ports would be the entry points to Europe and Turkmenbashi port would be the entry to Central Asia. At the same time, Yuriy Vitrenko, Naftogaz CEO, is lobbying the US and the EU to force Gazprom to allow Central Asian gas to flow through Ukraine to the EU.