Ukrainians with an international vaccination certificate attesting to two shots of AstraZeneca, Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines can now travel to 23 European countries:

France, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Finland, Italy, Romania, Greece, Bulgaria, Austria, Serbia, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovakia, Switzerland, Moldova, Turkey, Slovenia, Montenegro, and Luxembourg. Ukrainians who got two doses of China’s CoronaVac can visit these countries with six exceptions: France, Romania, Lithuania, Latvia, Croatia, and Luxembourg. Ukrainians do not need vaccination certificates to visit Albania and Denmark.

Up to 40% of Ukrainians are now immune to Covid-19,

said Oleksiy Danilov, the Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council, on Friday. He referred to a national survey indicating that one third of Ukrainians have had Covid. As of Friday, 4 million vaccinations have been administered. A total of 2.6 million Ukrainians have received the first vaccination. In addition to this, 1.4 million have been fully vaccinated. Danilov concluded: “If we take into account vaccinated people, we believe between 38% and 40% in our country are now immune.”

The American Pfizer vaccine, expected in Ukraine in coming days, will be available to all Ukrainian adults who sign up for anti-coronavirus vaccinations,

the Health Ministry said yesterday. Ukraine is to receive 1 million Pfizer vaccines, part of 8 million vaccines expected this month. Over the last five months, 3.3 million Ukrainians – about 10% of the adult population – have received at least one shot. Daily new Covid cases have dropped from 5,000 in May to 500 today. However, health experts warn the country is in a race against time, racing the expected spread this fall of the highly contagious Delta variant.

The EU is opening up for the minority of Ukrainians who have completed the two-shot Covid vaccination cycle.

At last count this would be 766,718 people – about 2.5% of Ukrainian adults. While the rules change frequently, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, and Romania now accept Ukrainian tourists who have been vaccinated with EU-approved vaccines: Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson.  Georgia, Hungary and Moldova accept Ukraine’s new vaccination certificate, a document that also includes vaccination with Chinese-made vaccines.

Vaccinations seem to be effective against the Delta variant,

or at least they minimize the impact. After a slow start, Ukraine is now vaccinating about 50,000 people a day at 90 mass vaccination centers across Ukraine. So far, 2.15 million vaccinations have been administered, covering about 6% of adults. About 7.7 million doses of the coronavirus vaccine are to be delivered to Ukraine in July, Chief State Sanitary Doctor Ihor Kuzin said yesterday at a panel titled “Why Ukrainians Don’t Want to Get Vaccinated.” U.S. pharmaceutical company Pfizer promises

Also on Friday, Prime Minister Denys Shmygal asked parliament to fire Health Minister Maksym Stepanov.

 Appointed at the start of the Covid pandemic, 13 months ago, Stepanov was criticized for first trying to bypass Ukraine’s Western-designed procurement system, then for failing to procure enough vaccines. In April, 500,000 vaccines were administered, a fraction of the 2.6 million promised for that month. To date, almost 1 million vaccines have been administered, giving a first jab to about 3% of the adult population.