Ukraine’s offering of dollar Eurobonds was three times oversubscribed Friday,

Ukraine’s offering of dollar Eurobonds was three times oversubscribed Friday, causing the Finance Ministry to raise the final volume by 20%, to $600 million, and to push the rate down to 6.2%, one full percentage point below the yield for a similar 12-year issue last July. “The estimated yield of 6.20% is the lowest yield on public Eurobonds in US dollars in the history of Ukraine,” Finance Minister Serhiy Marchenko said in a statement posted on the ministry website. Five

Tomorrow’s auction of government hryvnia bonds should draw more foreign buyers, analysts predict

Tomorrow’s auction of government hryvnia bonds should draw more foreign buyers, analysts predict. Last week saw an uptick of foreign buying — $79 million – breaking a fall in foreign holdings since January. Fueling interest are: high yields – 12.25% for 4-year bonds, and a sense that the hryvnia/dollar exchange rate has stabilized after a 20% drop earlier this year. Since the start of the year, foreign holdings of the bonds dropped 34%, reports the National Bank of Ukraine. On

The World Bank approved Friday night a $300 million loan to help “prevent

The World Bank approved Friday night a $300 million loan to help “prevent around 1 million Ukrainians from falling into poverty due to the COVID-19 pandemic,” the Bank’s Board of Executive Directors reported from Washington. The loan is designed to get “fast cash transfers to individuals and households who have lost their jobs or income sources because of the pandemic,” the Bank said. “According to World Bank estimates, 60 percent of the Ukrainians who may fall into poverty because of

The EBRD’s new loans to Ukraine projects will hit €750-850 million this year,

The EBRD’s new loans to Ukraine projects will hit €750-850 million this year, a ‘big increase’ over the average of the last four years, Matteo Patrone, EBRD managing director for Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, told the UkraineInvest conference Friday. Separately, the European Investment Bank is extending €1 billion in loans to Ukraine, making it the main loan recipient from the Bank in the ‘Eastern Neighborhood’, EU’s designation for 26 nations surrounding the EU.

Ukraine is to receive $250 million in US military aid under a defense spending bill approved Friday by the U.S. Senate in a 84-13 vote.

Ukraine is to receive $250 million in US military aid under a defense spending bill approved Friday by the U.S. Senate in a 84-13 vote. Earlier in the week, the House of Representatives approved the bill by a similar overwhelming majority. Ten days ago, President Trump threatened to veto the bill over non-Ukraine issues. A Senate summary says the bill “authorizes US$250 million for the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative, including US$75 million for lethal assistance, and extends the authority to

Ukraine plans to transfer all of the nation’s seaports to concessions or private ownership by 2025

Ukraine plans to transfer all of the nation’s seaports to concessions or private ownership by 2025, Infrastructure Minister Vladyslav Krikliy told an online international investment conference Friday. Noting that concession contracts with foreign investors were signed this summer for two ports – Olbia and Kherson – he said that next in line for concessions are the rail, ferry and container terminals of Chornomorsk and the passenger terminal at Odesa port. Next will be concessions of Berdyansk, on the Azov, and

By 2022, the government plans to reach concession agreements for highways, airports, rail stations and other infrastructure facilities

By 2022, the government plans to reach concession agreements for highways, airports, rail stations and other infrastructure facilities, Prime Minister Shmygal said at the conference, which was organized by UkraineInvest. Speaking to an estimated 1,000 participants from 63 countries, he said: “During 2021-2022, it is planned to conclude concession agreements for seaports, highways, airports, railways and other infrastructure facilities.” He also said that over the next four years, President Zelenskiy wants Ukraine to climb into the top 30 of the World

In the first half of next year, the State Property Fund plans to start the privatization of the United Mining and Chemical Company, the First Kyiv Machine-Building Plant (formerly Bolshevik), and stakes in six regional power companies,

In the first half of next year, the State Property Fund plans to start the privatization of the United Mining and Chemical Company, the First Kyiv Machine-Building Plant (formerly Bolshevik), and stakes in six regional power companies, the head of the Fund, Dmytro Sennychenko, said Thursday at the Ukrainian Investment Roadshow. Last spring, the Rada suspended all major privatization auctions after coronavirus restrictions shut down almost all air travel. Sennychenko said he expects the Rada to lift the ban this

Ukraine will receive – free of charge — enough Covid-19 vaccines to vaccination 4 million people this spring

Ukraine will receive – free of charge — enough Covid-19 vaccines to vaccination 4 million people this spring, Ukraine’s Chief Sanitary Doctor Viktor Liashko wrote Saturday on Facebook. In addition, Ukraine is budgeting $90 million to buy vaccines to inoculate another 13 million people. This would cover a little less than one half of Ukraine’s current population, estimated at 37 million. In a recent poll by the Rating Group, 40% of respondents said they would not take a vaccine, even

Coronavirus hospitalizations jumped 25% in November, over October

Coronavirus hospitalizations jumped 25% in November, over October, to 63,958 cases, reports Ukraine’s National Health Service. On Friday, deaths hit a record level — 285. New cases reported are averaging about 13,000 a day, but many cases are never reported. On Friday, Odesa Mayor Hennadiy Trukhanov became the latest politician to be hospitalized for coronavirus. Since September, President Zelenskiy and the mayors of Kyiv, Kharkiv and Lviv have been hit by Covid.

Due to Thursday afternoon’s ice storm, flights in and out of Kyiv’s two airports were disrupted through noon on Friday.

Due to Thursday afternoon’s ice storm, flights in and out of Kyiv’s two airports were disrupted through noon on Friday. With Kyiv Sikorsky closed for several hours, Wizz Air cancelled two flights to Germany. A Wizz Air flight to Vilnius did not return to Kyiv and a Belavia flight from Minsk did a U-turn and returned to it base. The glaze over the city caused numerous traffic accidents and falls by pedestrians. A CCTV video of a woman trying to

Parents of Kyiv’s French school are voting through Wednesday on an 18-month, €12 million project to build a 6,000 square meter unified campus at Unit.City.

Parents of Kyiv’s French school are voting through Wednesday on an 18-month, €12 million project to build a 6,000 square meter unified campus at Unit.City. The project for Lycée Français Anne de Kiev would bring under one roof  750 K-12 students who now are divided among three buildings in central Kyiv and Podil. French government guarantees could cover bonds or loans raised to finance construction.

Ukrainians’ spending on foreign travel dropped in half this year, to $4.5 billion from $8.7 billion

Ukrainians’ spending on foreign travel dropped in half this year, to $4.5 billion from $8.7 billion, Dmitry Sologub, a deputy governor of the National Bank of Ukraine, told reporters yesterday. “It was a significant factor in improving our current account,” he said. “Travel companies from March to June did not buy foreign currency at all, then they began to buy, but purchases remained low.” He expects foreign travel spending to rebound slowly next year, probably to $5 billion.

Starting March 28, UIA promises to gradually, but “completely restore” its international route network

Starting March 28, UIA promises to gradually, but “completely restore” its international route network, the airline says in a note posted on its siteyesterday. Ukraine’s flag carrier plans to restore 43 international routes, including  flights from Kyiv Boryspil to: New York, Toronto, Cairo, Delhi, Dubai, Jeddah, London Heathrow and London Gatwick, and 22 EU cities. Domestic flights will be operated from Kyiv Boryspil to: Dnipro, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Kherson, Lviv, Odesa and Zaporizhia. MXP) – Kyiv, and Kyiv – Nice (NCE) – Kyiv.

Windrose Airlines has applied to the US Department of Transportation to fly passengers and cargo between Ukraine and New York

Windrose Airlines has applied to the US Department of Transportation to fly passengers and cargo between Ukraine and New York, reports the US-based aviation news site, One Mile at a Time. The airline, controlled by Ihor Kolomoisky, recently leased an Airbus A330-200, a wide body, two-aisle plane which can seat 400 passengers in three classes.  “The airline will apparently use this A330 for charter services to New York and Hong Kong,” writes the news site, citing the US filing. “Windrose further anticipates

Passenger traffic at Kyiv Sikorsky through November totalled 670,900 passengers – 18% of the level of the first 11 months of last year

Passenger traffic at Kyiv Sikorsky through November totalled 670,900 passengers – 18% of the level of the first 11 months of last year. In November, Kyiv’s right bank airport handled only 13% the volume of November last year. The airport is on track to finish this year with a passenger volume slightly below 2013.

With its East-West gas pipelines, Ukraine would like to become a major supplier of hydrogen to Germany

With its East-West gas pipelines, Ukraine would like to become a major supplier of hydrogen to Germany, Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal said Tuesday at the first German-Ukrainian Energy Day. “The development of hydrogen energy is a priority for Ukraine,” he said, alluding to the fast growing energy source. “It is an opportunity to use the existing potential of green energy and attract investments in the development of a green economy.”

Anka Feldhusen, Germany’s ambassador and host of the event, cautioned that Ukraine should first pay its $1 billion debt to wind and solar producers. 

Anka Feldhusen, Germany’s ambassador and host of the event, cautioned that Ukraine should first pay its $1 billion debt to wind and solar producers. One of 11 ambassadors to send a letter last month to Shmyhal about the mounting debt, Feldhusen said diplomatically:  “I would not want Ukraine to lose its attractiveness to foreign investors because of this story.”

In Ukraine, DTEK is the pioneer in the hydrogen energy field, becoming Ukraine’s first company to join Hydrogen Europe

In Ukraine, DTEK is the pioneer in the hydrogen energy field, becoming Ukraine’s first company to join Hydrogen Europe, an association where European leaders exchange strategies and forge partnerships in hydrogen technologies. Emanuele Volpe, DTEK’s Chief Innovation Officer, said at the conference: “DTEK plans to launch a local hydrogen pilot project that will act as a catalyst for gradual development of the sector and accelerate the introduction of regulatory, technical, commercial, and logistics measures required to give a boost to the

Ukraine’s central bank decided yesterday to keep the prime interest rate at 6%, 

Ukraine’s central bank decided yesterday to keep the prime interest rate at 6%, the level unchanged since June. Although inflation in November rose to 3.8%, the National Bank of Ukraine does not see it as an immediate threat. “Cooperation with the [IMF] remains fundamental for the recovery of Ukraine’s economy,” wrote a message posted on the bank website. “Financing provided by the IMF and other international partners is crucial for the planned budgetary spending.”

In a housecleaning exercise, the Cabinet of Ministers decided Wednesday to transfer 18 enterprises of the UkrOboronProm defense conglomerate to the State Property Fund for privatisation

In a housecleaning exercise, the Cabinet of Ministers decided Wednesday to transfer 18 enterprises of the UkrOboronProm defense conglomerate to the State Property Fund for privatisation.  With a total value listed at $10 million, the companies are expected to be sold largely for their scrap metal and real estate. Of the 18 companies, 11 no longer function. Five lost a total of $530 million during the first half of this year. A legacy of the Soviet military industrial complex of the

The Russia-Ukraine military divorce deepened last week after Russian Helicopters accused Ukraine’s Motor Sich of performing “illegal” overhauls of Mil Mi-17 helicopters

The Russia-Ukraine military divorce deepened last week after Russian Helicopters accused Ukraine’s Motor Sich of performing “illegal” overhauls of Mil Mi-17 helicopters for the Afghan Air Force, reports Moscow’s Ria Novosti. The Russians charge that the helicopters were designed and built in Russia and that any overhaul outside of the Russian manufacturer “endangers the lives of the American and Afghan soldiers that are operating these helicopters.”

The Black Sea Trade and Development Bank is extending at 9-year, €10 million loan to the Novopechersk School to build a new campus at Kyiv’s UNIT.City

The Black Sea Trade and Development Bank is extending at 9-year, €10 million loan to the Novopechersk School to build a new campus at Kyiv’s UNIT.City, nearly tripling enrolment to 1,200 students. Zoya Litvin, head of Osvitoria, the controlling non-profit association, says the K-12 school “will focus on STEM and IT, sectors that will develop the fastest in the future.” Litvin’s husband, Vasily Khmelnitsky, is developing UNIT.City as Ukraine’s largest hub for IT companies. Built on the 25-hectare grounds of a former motorcycle factory,

Canada’s Vermilion Energy has backed out of two production sharing agreements it won last year with Naftogaz

Canada’s Vermilion Energy has backed out of two production sharing agreements it won last year with Naftogaz, reports OilPoint, citing Ukraine’s state oil and gas company. The Calgary-based company “has decided not to participate in the projects due to significant reductions in gas and oil prices compared to 2019, the coronavirus pandemic and the global economic downturn,” Naftogaz said referring to the two sites, Balaklia and Ivanovo. Instead, Naftogaz will go it alone, investing $125 over the next five years

Undeterred by this setback, Naftogaz is open to working with a foreign company, particularly Romanian, to develop the Dolphin block,

Undeterred by this setback, Naftogaz is open to working with a foreign company, particularly Romanian, to develop the Dolphin block, in the Black Sea near the Danube delta and Romania’s maritime border. Working jointly with Romania to develop the shelf may be “more economically attractive” for Ukraine, and would create better security since Romania is a NATO member, Lana Zerkal, adviser to the Naftogaz CEO, said Friday at an online briefing. However, Exxon Mobil has been mulling selling its 50%

But this year’s slump in oil and gas prices makes Ukraine unattractive to oil and gas producers

But this year’s slump in oil and gas prices makes Ukraine unattractive to oil and gas producers, say experts interviewed by UNIAN. “I honestly think that the chances of attracting serious Western investors are minimal,” Gennadiy Kobal, founder of EXPRO Consulting, told the news agency Friday. “The record decline in gas prices has led to the fact that oil and gas companies have lost a significant part of their capitalization.”

Regarding the Dolphin block, Vitaly Radchenko, partner at CMS Cameron McKenna, said

Regarding the Dolphin block, Vitaly Radchenko, partner at CMS Cameron McKenna, said: “We have talked with many normal real, producing, foreign oil and gas investors. We worked with them to get them interested in the Black Sea shelf. The territory is viewed as controversial and dangerous. None of the real investors will come there to drill, because it could end up in a conflict with Russia. Therefore, giving the shelf for research to the state gas company is a logical

With winter temperatures increasingly mild, the Dnipro River shipping season is being extended for one extra month – to the end of December.

With winter temperatures increasingly mild, the Dnipro River shipping season is being extended for one extra month – to the end of December. Originally, the river’s six locks were to start closing in a north-south sequence in mid-November. But shippers, notably Nibulon, lobbied for an extended season, noting that last year serious ice did not start forming on the river until January. Under the direction of the State Maritime and River Transport Service, closing the river involves pulling out hundreds

The $15 billion Istanbul Canal, an artificial alternative to the Bosporus, has reached the tender stage

The $15 billion Istanbul Canal, an artificial alternative to the Bosporus, has reached the tender stage, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Friday. Expected to take a decade to dig, the 500-meter wide canal would allow liquefied natural gas cargo ships to enter the Black Sea for the first time. Further weakening Russia’s position in the Black Sea, the canal would not be subject to the Montreux Convention. This 1936 agreement places limits on the size and number of non-Black

Prime Minister Shmygal started a two-day visit to Turkey yesterday with a meeting with Turkish business executives in Istanbul.

Prime Minister Shmygal started a two-day visit to Turkey yesterday with a meeting with Turkish business executives in Istanbul. Appealing for Turkish investment, he said: “We have ambitious plans to build and renovate our infrastructure, including roads, bridges, energy and medical infrastructure, in other areas – water supply, sewerage, garbage recycling. Turkish companies have successful experience in these areas.” Today, he meets with government leaders in Ankara to discuss military and diplomatic cooperation. Leading a delegation of two ministers and

Ukraine plans to purchase five more Turkish-made Bayraktar Tactical Block 2 unmanned aerial vehicles next year

Ukraine plans to purchase five more Turkish-made Bayraktar Tactical Block 2 unmanned aerial vehicles next year, Turkish media report. Last month, Azerbaijan used these armed drones in its successful war with Russia-backed Armenia. Signaling a closer partnership with Turkey, Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba told Turkey’s Anadolu Agency Friday: “Ukraine, looks at the Nagorno-Karabakh issue from the perspective of international law. Our position is very clear. We are on the same page with Turkey.” In the second half of December,

In December,

In December, “the probability of a complete coronavirus lockdown is 90%,” David Arakhamia, head of the ruling Servant of the People Party in the Rada, said on Ukraina TV’s Segodnya show Saturday. In contrast to last spring’s general shutdown, this would be a ‘smart’ lockdown he said, intimating that the Kyiv metro and many public services would work until Dec. 25, the western Christmas, now an official holiday in Ukraine.

In preparation for a lockdown, a law to give financial aid to 2 million salaried workers hit by coronavirus controls goes into effect next week,

In preparation for a lockdown, a law to give financial aid to 2 million salaried workers hit by coronavirus controls goes into effect next week, Arakhamia told reporters on Saturday. These one time payments are to go up to $280 per person. The overall budget will be about $500 million, Yulia Kovaliv, the President’s deputy chief of staff said Thursday night on 1+1 TV’s Right to Power show.

About 10% of Ukraine’s small and medium businesses are on the verge of bankruptcy due to corona controls,

About 10% of Ukraine’s small and medium businesses are on the verge of bankruptcy due to corona controls, Dafina Gercheva, resident representative of the United Nations Development Program, estimates in an interview with Interfax-Ukraine. By the end of December, the corona controls and recession will have put more than 9 million people – one quarter of Ukraine’s population — in financial distress, the UNDP predicts.

New coronavirus infections doubled in November

New coronavirus infections doubled in November, hitting an average of 16,250 a day on Friday and Saturday. In Kyiv, the number of new cases hit a record 1,739, Mayor Klitschko said Saturday. In Lviv, two patients, one aged 61 and the other 66, died Friday after a power outage knocked out their ventilators for one hour. Over the last eight months, 12,093 deaths are attributed to Covid-19. Immunologist Andrii Volyanskyi predicts on Facebook that another 25,000 Ukrainians will die of

Betting that online sales will keep surging

Betting that online sales will keep surging, Allo Group, the consumer electronics retailer, is launching its own nationwide delivery service, Allo Express in Ukraine. Citing “today’s realities,” Allo CEO Maksym Raskin said the company decided to “to invest in the creation of our own postal operator.” The package delivery service will have desks in each of Allo’s 140 stores in Ukraine.

Work on laying Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline could resume this weekend

Work on laying Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline could resume this weekend in the Baltic Sea waters of Germany, near the Adlergrund shoal, reports Deutsche Welle. The local Stralsund Waterway Authority is advising ships to be careful when navigating the area starting Saturday. Meanwhile, Nord Stream 2 AG, gas pipeline company, says: “We plan to resume pipe-laying work using a vessel with anchor positioning in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Germany this year.” With the US Congress preparing more

President Zelenskiy is about to sign a bill that would provide state guarantees for ‘green bonds’ to help pay Ukrenergo’s overdue debt to solar and wind producers

President Zelenskiy is about to sign a bill that would provide state guarantees for ‘green bonds’ to help pay Ukrenergo’s overdue debt to solar and wind producers, Acting Energy Minister Yuriy Boyko told reporters yesterday. With the overdue debt approaching $1 billion, the government might launch $400 million worth of green bonds, he said. Later in the day, a Finance Ministry investor relations manager Alla Danylchuk emailed Bloomberg, saying the Finance Ministry has no plans to issue green bonds.

The government plans to close about half of the nation’s 33 state-owned coal mines during this decade

The government plans to close about half of the nation’s 33 state-owned coal mines during this decade, Deputy Energy Minister Maxim Nemchinov said yesterday at the presentation of a presentation of the results of a poll of residents of coal mining towns. The most economically promising mines are around Vuhledar, a Donetsk area which produces both anthracite and bituminous coals. The Ministry is studying British and German experiences with closing mines and retraining and often relocating miners. Last year, the

Ukrzaliznytsia has approved a framework agreement to allow private locomotives to operate on UZ tracks.

Ukrzaliznytsia has approved a framework agreement to allow private locomotives to operate on UZ tracks. The signing of the first contract with a company, Ukrainian Locomotive Construction Company LLC, should happen “as soon as possible,” Infrastructure Minister Vladyslav Krykliy said yesterday. Based in Lviv, Ukrainian Locomotive plans to haul freight on nine sections of track in Western Ukraine. The Ministry’s press service said: “Interest from the market was significant.” Private freight railroads already operate in all of Ukraine’s EU neighbors

The Digital Transformation Ministry has set these targets for extending high speed mobile internet across the country:

The Digital Transformation Ministry has set these targets for extending high speed mobile internet across the country: accessible to 90% of the population by July 1, 2021; all international highways by Jan. 1, 2023; and all national roads by July 1, 2024. Digital Minister Mikhail Fedorov tells reporters in Kyiv: “Next year we want to focus on the coverage of roads and strategic highways.”

For rail travel, Vodaphone Ukraine is conducting a pilot project with the 35 km Boryspil Airport Express to determine cost for high speed internet coverage on Ukraine’s main rail lines.

For rail travel, Vodaphone Ukraine is conducting a pilot project with the 35 km Boryspil Airport Express to determine cost for high speed internet coverage on Ukraine’s main rail lines. With about 10,000 km of main lines to cover and 3,000 passenger cars to equip with internet, public investment will have to complement investments by the three mobile operators, Olga Ustinova, general director of Vodafone Ukraine, told reporters Tuesday. For road and rail, she said, Ukraine’s three mobile providers –

With domestic tourism the trend, Ukrzaliznytsia seeks to win at least half of all tourists, luring them out of cars and buses.

With domestic tourism the trend, Ukrzaliznytsia seeks to win at least half of all tourists, luring them out of cars and buses. To attract riders, the state railroad has reduced prices of first class tickets and created an easier, online system for redeeming tickets before departure dates, Volodomyr Zhmak, UZ’s new CEO, told tour operators yesterday. Aiming at the highest end, the railroad is renovating for public charters the VIP cars that once were the preserve of the Communist Party

In a boost for Carpathian tourism, Ukravtodor inaugurates tomorrow 45 km of mountain road to Synevyr National Park.

In a boost for Carpathian tourism, Ukravtodor inaugurates tomorrow 45 km of mountain road to Synevyr National Park. Essentially opening up the west entrance to the park to tourists from Lviv, the rebuilt road crosses two mountain passes and over 19 restored bridges. With a cost of $24 million, the project was carried out by Turkey’s Onur Construction International. The state highway agency reports that 255 km of roads were rebuilt in Zakarpattia this year, one of the regional leaders

arkovy, central Kyiv’s largest convention and exhibition center, is now officially owned by Lyubov Efimova, mother

arkovy, central Kyiv’s largest convention and exhibition center, is now officially owned by Lyubov Efimova, mother of Ukrainian MP Maxim Efimov. Since opening in 2013, Parkovy has become a popular place for conferences. It has 22,000 square meters, a high end restaurant, underground parking and its own diesel power station. In Feb. 2019, the Maxim Yefimov, then an MP with the Petro Poroshenko Bloc, confirmed that that the official owner of the facility was his mother, a US resident. Antimonopoly

Iran plans to pay €200 million in compensation to families of the 176 victims of the Jan. 8 shootdown of the UIA passenger over Tehran

Iran plans to pay €200 million in compensation to families of the 176 victims of the Jan. 8 shootdown of the UIA passenger over Tehran, reports Al-Monitor news site. The money will come from the National Development Fund of Iran, not from the budget of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps. An anti-aircraft unit of the Revolutionary Guards shot down the plane with two land to air missiles.

Betting that vaccines will tame Covid, SkyUp Airlines is planning a summer flight schedule of more than 60 routes from 21 countries

Betting that vaccines will tame Covid, SkyUp Airlines is planning a summer flight schedule of more than 60 routes from 21 countries. Betting also on the renaissance of Ukraine’s regional airports, half of the flights will be from four airports far from its base at Kyiv Boryspil. From Kharkiv, Lviv, Odesa and Zaporizhia, SkyUp will fly to Georgia, Greece, Czech Republic and Italy. From Boyspil and several of the regional airports, SkyUp will fly to: Italy, France, Greece, Czech Republic,

With 76% of coronavirus unit beds occupied in Ukraine, authorities fear the country cannot make it to the Christmas holidays without imposing a major lockdown.

With 76% of coronavirus unit beds occupied in Ukraine, authorities fear the country cannot make it to the Christmas holidays without imposing a major lockdown. One option would be to impose a lockdown after schools let out in three weeks for the Christmas break, on Friday afternoon Dec. 18. Arsen Avakov, Ukraine’s powerful Interior Minister, argues for an earlier, faster lockdown. “We need to introduce a lockdown as soon as possible, for three to four weeks,” he said on Ukraine