Ukraine faces significant difficulties in exporting grain by rail.
The failure to fulfill orders for grain cargo transportation toward western border crossings has reached 49%. According to a Ukrainian Railways (UZ) manager, Valery Tkachov, only 9,046 of the agreed upon 17,709 wagons were loaded and shipped during October. Tkachov notes that border crossing officials refused some shipments due to limited capacity. At the same time, the businesses that have received opportunities are not fulfilling their load plans. Thus, the percentage of implementation of negotiated plans for food products (sunflower oil and others) is approximately 50%. 1,585 wagons of loaded capacity was agreed upon, and only 790 were loaded. The main reason for the failure to fulfill these plans is overestimation of export amount.